The first major mistake of dog owners can be considered a lack of knowledge about training or the presence of a misconception about this noble cause.
To avoid this mistake and to avoid having to correct it, you should read a few books about training before you start to brain train your dog. This is if, of course, the owner plans to train his dog himself.
If the owner is training a dog on a training site, i.e. at a dog school or individually under the guidance of an instructor, the mistakes are simpler: not following the instructor’s recommendations or not fully following the recommendations of the original are considered mistakes. Wait at the mouth of the dog. By the way, it is also not forbidden to read a couple of books about training.
Quite often owners do not give due importance to the recommendations of specialists, considering them, for example, excessive or too complicated. Quite often, relying on their common sense or the opinion of a neighbor, simplify them.
So, despite the obvious value of recommending a dog’s interest in training, only a small proportion of owners are responsible for their dog’s interests. And if a dog isn’t interested in (i.e. isn’t important to him) in training, then he doesn’t remember the skills well or at all. And why remember something that isn’t interesting or important?! Remember your loved ones at school!
What does it mean to interest a dog? It means to cause him a burning desire for an action or no less burning desire to possess the result of the action. And to do so, you need to create a dog with the right needs and motivation. Not only do you need to create, but you also need to keep it at the right level. For example, if the owner uses food as reinforcements, the dog should be hungry. That is, he should be so hungry that he is ready to go into fire and water for a pellet of food.
What is described in books as a “treat” is often of little value to the dog. You can live without a treat!
The same goes for the gaming need. It is only effective to use it in training when a dog for a toy and a game with its owner will replace all dogs in the world!
If the interest in reinforcements is low then the action that leads to them is not important to the dog.
By the way, training sessions should stop as soon as the dog’s interest in reinforcements decreases.
The next common mistake by the owners is the abuse of aversive effects on the dog. Aversive, for your information, is when a dog is uncomfortable or in pain.
Forcing a dog to act in general and aversive acts in particular causes the dog to have negative emotions and fear. And no one likes pain, negative emotions and fear. The commands given by the owner, skills, a place where training passes, in due course associate with negative emotions, and a dog loses all desire to co-operate with the owner. And if learning is unpleasant and scary, he doesn’t want to learn. Keep that in mind.
It’s a mistake to study too much and too often or too little and too rarely. You can study every day, but little by little. You can study after a day, then the duration of classes should be increased. But a dog is not brought up on his own, he should be brought up.
How long is the class? The class lasts as long as your dog retains attention and interest as long as he has a desire to train with you. It’s best to keep it that way: a couple of minutes of boring training is a fun break. Again, a couple of minutes of training is a couple of minutes of fun.
You should not repeat the same exercise for a long time. Dogs get just as tired from the monotony as people do.
Often owners stop using a leash too early as a means of controlling behaviour. This leads dogs to quickly realise that when the leash is loose, the owner’s power ceases. There are three stages of skill formation: on a short leash, on a medium length leash and on a 10m long leash. The lead should only be unbuckled when the dog is guaranteed to perform commands on a long leash.
Many owners repeat the command many times and use threatening intonation of commands. Believe me, dogs understand that what matters is the consequences of words, not words at all. Send one command in a command tone, but make sure you get it done. Then next time the dog will know what awaits him.
And you should not break the generalized algorithm of learning: from simple to complex and from general to private!